This is how Iran penetrated Yemen to create a sectarian terrorist militia

English - السبت 04 فبراير 2023 الساعة 07:51 م
Sanaa, NewsYemen, Muhammad Yahya:

 During the years preceding the outbreak of the Saada wars 2004-2009, Iran had begun to attract students and youth who joined sectarian courses and lectures, organized by Hussein al-Houthi in Saada, by offering scholarships to study in Iran, where young people are sent to Shiite seminaries, to study the doctrine the extremist Twelver Jaafari, and the religious thought associated with the principles of the Imamate and the state, to be attached after that to the Revolutionary Guard camps, to obtain military, political and media training.

Scholarships and scholarships

 Through the scholarships provided by Tehran through its ambassador in Yemen, who was making continuous visits to Saada Governorate, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard was able to build bridges of communication with the Houthi group and intensified its efforts in training the youth and leaders of the group, through training courses organized for them by the Quds Force, the military wing of the Revolutionary Guards, inside its camps in Iran, Lebanon and Syria.

And before the invasion of Sana'a in 2014, the most prominent Houthi leaders had been able to travel to Iraq, Syria, Lebanon and Iran and received training in various weapons, carrying out assassinations, dissolving armed clashes and planting mines, in addition to training technicians, technicians and media professionals from the group's cadres.

According to informed sources, between the years 2011-2012, the scholarship of Yemeni students from the protest squares in Sana'a and Taiz, to complete religious studies and some other specializations in Iran, was going on at its peak.

The sources indicate that the scholarship students, at that time, were from “Sunni” groups of young men, and they found in sending scholarships to Iran an opportunity to get out of the predicament of the “standing situation” in Yemen, and that after their return to Yemen, they formed spy cells working for Iran.  Among them were the terrorist cells that the security services announced they had dismantled in July 2012 in the city of Taiz, and confirmed their direct links to the Iranian Revolutionary Guards.

A report submitted by a member of the Houthi Scholars Association, Zain al-Abidin, who is supportive of the leader of the terrorist militia, Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, in August 2021, revealed the spread of 12 Iranian institutions working with a humanitarian cover to spread sectarianism in Yemen, run by the Iranian Muhammad al-Musawi, and owe absolute loyalty to the mullahs in Iran, stressing that the activity began to expand and penetrate into Yemeni society after the scholarship students returned to Iran and Lebanon, who received training and qualification at the hands of Iranian missionaries.

agent industry

 Observers emphasize that Iran would not have penetrated into Yemen had it not been for the presence of objective factors that helped it to do so, the most important of which was the emergence of the Houthi movement in Saada, as the movement represented the most prominent factor in Iran's expansion in Yemen.

 Tehran has sought with all its might to establish its foot in Yemen as an important strategy, to destabilize security and stability in the Arab Gulf states, particularly Saudi Arabia.  From the beginning, the Iranian Revolutionary Guard was determined to rehabilitate the Houthi group, to become an armed militia similar to Hezbollah in Lebanon, and to use the Houthis as an agent for Iran to destabilize the balance of power and threaten the security and stability of the region.

The extension of Houthi influence in Yemen has become a vital matter for Iran, with the collapse of the state since 2015, as the Iranian arm in Yemen worked to consolidate the Iranian presence, and the Houthi militia turned into a regional proxy working to protect and promote Iranian interests in the region.

early graduates

 With the outbreak of the first Saada war in 2004, the Houthi elements who were trained in Iran were participating in the battles on the side of Hussein Al-Houthi, the most prominent of whom were Abdullah Al-Razami and Youssef Al-Madani, who participated in the first war and later led the second and third wars after the death of Hussein Al-Houthi, while Abdul-Malik had fled  After his brother was killed, he hid with his father in the fortified mountains and caves of Matara, before returning to lead the third war, after Badr al-Din al-Houthi - the spiritual father of the group - managed to eliminate the competitors for the leadership of the armed militia, and presented his son Abdul Malik as the leader of the Houthis to succeed his dead brother, based on the desire of iran supporting the return of the Imamate.

With Abd al-Malik al-Houthi assuming leadership of the terrorist group at the end of 2005, Iranian-Lebanese Revolutionary Guards began arriving in Saada Governorate to help Iran's arm in Yemen, after Tehran decided to increase its level of support and generous investment in the Houthis.

development and rehabilitation

 Since the 2011 protests, the militia has been expanding in northern Yemen, relying on the support provided by Iran, which provided the Houthis with shipments of weapons, as well as providing them with training and rehabilitation, in various military, political, media and security fields.

After the Houthis invaded the capital, Sana'a, in 2014, and took control of the state's joints, the armed militia formed the so-called "Jihadi Council", which is a secret organization headed by the militia commander.  Among the most prominent elements of this council is a general from the Quds Force who is considered the general military commander, and he is called the "Jihadi Assistant", and with the support of a group of Revolutionary Guards experts, he supervises the development of qualitative capabilities, the recruitment of trainers, and the development and organization of the Houthi military structure.

According to experts, the Quds Force is the most elite and secretive unit in Iran's military branches and the most prominent branch of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard. Over the past decades, it has helped arm and train Hezbollah in Lebanon, Shiite militias in Iraq and Syria, and the Houthis in Yemen and was able to create an external influence for Iran in the region, relying on the principle of exporting the Iranian revolution.

Noble pupils

 After the Houthi leaders returned from Iran, after receiving sectarian and military terrorist courses in the Revolutionary Guard camps, these leaders worked to implement the Iranian project in Yemen, and they also worked side by side with Iranian experts, starting with manufacturing and planting booby traps and mines to kill Yemenis, passing through supervising the fighting fronts, leading battles, and sending children and youth to the crematoriums of death and smuggling Iranian drugs and weapons, and ending with killing civilians and attacking civilian objects, the bombing of which is a war crime.