21% of technical and vocational education students drop out in YemenEnglish - الأحد 14 أغسطس 2022 الساعة 04:44 م
A new economic study revealed that the drop-out rate for students enrolled in technical education and vocational training for three-year post-secondary programs in Yemen reached 21 percent during the 2017-2019 academic year.
The study "Strengthening the Role of Technical Education and Vocational Training in Development" said that students drop out of technical education and vocational training as a result of damage to their educational institutions, displacement to other regions, and inability to spend for study.
The average percentage of Yemeni youth who were not enrolled in work, education or training during the period 2015-2019 was about 44.4%, according to the Unified Arab Economic Report issued in 2021, by the Arab Monetary Fund.
According to the study, the number of graduates from government technical and vocational institutes decreased from 4.8 thousand graduates in 2017-2018 to 4.1 thousand graduates in 2019-2020.
She stated that the largest decline was in government community colleges, which amounted to 1,200 graduates in 2017-2018, to drop to 458 graduates in 2019-2020.
The study, issued by the Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, attributed the decline in graduates of technical education institutes and centers to the dropout of many technical education cadres.
The study indicated that the growth rates of graduates of formal technical and vocational institutes and government community colleges continue to decline, due to the fact that government institutes and colleges focus on the theoretical side more than the practical, and due to the lack of raw training materials and the leakage of cadres.
She explained that the average public expenditure on technical education and vocational training does not exceed 0.1% of the total expenditure in the public budget as an annual average for the period 2017-2019.
The average public expenditure on technical education and vocational training is 0.4% of the total expenditure on education.
The study said that despite the conditions of conflict and war since late 2014, the number of students enrolled in technical education and vocational training increased from 8,643 male and female students in 2018 to 14,810 male and female students in the academic year 2020, with an average growth rate of 31% during the same period.
Some official sources indicate that the acceptance rate in the vocational and technical institutes affiliated to the ministry as well as community colleges of the total applicants was only 65%, while the acceptance rate in technical and technical institutes and private community colleges reached 80%, according to the study.